Hair transplantation is a surgical technique that removes hair follicles from one part of the body, called the donor site, to a bald or balding part of the body known as the recipient site……..
By Dr. Vijay Singhal
The technique is primarily used to treat male pattern baldness. For successful hair transplants, grafts must survive and adapt to new areas where they are transplanted. Clinical studies show that about 85-95% of all implanted grafts easily grow in the transplanted area. This high percentage indicates that hair transplants are generally very successful. A hair transplant can last a lifetime.
Hair transplantation, a surgical technique, allows the doctor to single out the permanent hair on the back of the patient’s head and use them as the transplanted hair to the bald spots. The hair at the back of our heads are permanent and do not suffer any damage through age, which is why these hair are chosen for the process. This procedure is quite similar to the technique wildly used in flora where a plant can be transferred from one place to another. The process allows the patient to have normal hair like before, which can be shaved, cut, trimmed, coloured or anything they wished.
How it is done ?
The whole procedure involves three steps:
Graft extraction: Extraction of the hair follicles from the back of head. It is done under local anesthesia, and can be carried out in two ways- FUT or FUE.
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplant): In this way, a strip is taken from the back of the head, aka donor area, and later the space is stitched. The stitches require around two weeks’ time to heal and are removed after.
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction): This method is less extreme as individual hair are extracted from the donor area, creating no need of stitches.
Graft Preparation: Hair in the strip are cut and separated into individual hair follicles.
Graft Insertion: Tiny holes are made in the bald spots so that the hair can be placed for the final growth.
Economic Factor: The cost of the transplant is varient from patient to patient. The money required is subjective as it depends on the number of hair a patient wants to get transplanted.
Suitability: The suitability again depends on the patient. Both of the techniques are extremely good and suitable, but it also depends on the technique the doctor is more comfortable performing. Using in the cases of Andgrogenetic.
Guarantee: There is no need to worry about the prodecure or the result. We need all the factors you bring in the equation, and we guarantee long lasting effects of the transplant.
Permanence: The hair transplants are taken from the donor area because they are permanent and last as long as your life does. After the transplant, your hair will be stronger and better.
Safety: The procedure is extremely safe, leaving nothing to worry about. All the precautions that can be taken are taken. Done under Local Anesthesia, the patient is relaxed enough to watch a movie, listen to songs, attend phone calls etc. The patient is free to resume their normal routine right after the procedure.
Natural Looks: Though it may look like a scientific procedure, but designing a natural looking hairline is nothing less than an art. Special focus is giving to all the details to make the hairline look natural, and in such an effort, transplanted hair and natural hair are blended together to make a perfect mix.
(The author is well known senior consultant dermatologist)